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Sleep Disorders

Baylor University Medical Center at Dallas

 
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Sleep-Disorders Risks 

Heart Disease
  • 4.7 million people in the United States have heart failure
  • Approximately 50% of heart failure patients have breathing challenges due to sleep apnea.
Hypertension
  • Studies have shown that sleep apnea is an independent risk factor for hypertension
  • Treatment of sleep apnea with a CPAP generally improves blood pressure control
Type 2 Diabetes
  • Sleep apnea may have a causal role in the development of type 2 diabetes
  • 86% of obese type 2 diabetic patients suffer from sleep apnea
Stroke
  • 65% of stroke patients have sleep-disordered breathing
  • Up to 70% of patients in rehabilitation therapy following stroke have significant sleep-disordered breathing
Mortality
  • Sleep-disordered breathing is associated with a 3-fold increase in mortality risk
  • Severe sleep apnea raises death risk by 46%
Traffic Accidents
  • People with sleep apnea are at twice the risk of having a traffic accident
  • Sleep apnea is estimated to annual cost 980 lives and $11.1 billion in collision costs